So, this isn’t for all you seasoned solderers out there, but is instead for anyone who is a relative beginner and who feels that they could do with some practice.
To begin at the end, here’s what you’ll accomplish.
Everything on this bracelet is soldered, but you can choose to not solder the connecting rings if you don’t mind being called a chicken…
‘sall I’m saying.
The reason why this is a good chain to practice on is that the solder doesn’t have to be perfect.
Of course, by the end of the bracelet you should have it down pat, but for this purpose, as long as the solder joins the two ends together, you’re good. The annoying lumps and bumps that a beginner may experience won’t be as obvious in the end result because of the nature of the link and so you can still use them without getting upset that they’re not perfect.
By the end of the project you should have the hang of soldering a link together without using too much, or not enough, solder.
NOTE: I’ve found that when excess solder overflows the joint you are closing you often see a slight discolouration at the area it’s flooded on to, especially as the piece of jewelry tarnishes. This is due to the difference in the composition of the solder to the silver. Pickling the bracelet after soldering may help this, but you can also sand the joints to remove some of the excess once the links are shaped, and before the final finish is applied.
This project really is just a good exercise to help you figure out how much solder to use, how it flows, and how to apply it.
Prepare yourselves. It really is a fantabulous bracelet and all your friends will want one.
For a 7.5″ bracelet.
3 ft of 16 gauge sterling silver wire.
1 ft of 18 gauge sterling silver wire.
1 x 3mm jump ring.
Note: Ideally you will need both medium and easy solder for this project. You will solder the large links with the medium, and the small links with the easy.
By using the easy solder on the small links there is less risk of the medium solder on the large links melting again as medium solder has a higher melting temperature than the easy.
I only used the easy solder, but just wanted you to know that I tend to wing it.
Hammer - I used various head sizes
(The links above are just some of the tools I use. There are many other choices out there).
Depending on the length you want your bracelet to be you can easily add or subtract links to this design, therefore, you may need either more, or less, of the materials above.
To make the links.
I used my Pepe jump ring maker, but you can easily improvise by using any type of rod that is close to the sizes needed and that you can wrap your silver around tightly.
The mandrel I used for the larger link is 9mm. (This refers to the inside diameter).
You will need enough coil to make 26 jump rings.
Cut the coil off the mandrel and wrap it with scotch tape. This will prevent the rings moving around as you saw them.
Now cut through the coil either with your jewelry saw.
Or you can use your wire cutters to snip each ring apart. Just be sure to keep turning the wire cutters around so that the flush side of the cutters snip the inside of the jump ring. This provides a flush cut for soldering.
Close the jump rings together making sure that the joins are tight, flush and clean otherwise the solder won’t join them.
(Note: The links are not yet completely closed in the photograph above.)
Now dab a little flux on each join and face the joins in the same direction on your soldering block. This makes it easier for you to find the area you are going to join as the flux will bubble when heated and you may not necessarily be able to see clearly where to apply the solder.
There are many ways to solder jump rings, including sweat soldering, but I like to cut small pieces of solder wire and place them on the soldering block a little apart from the rings. I separate the pieces slightly from each other and they are then ready to heat up as I need them.
Until you get to know which size a piece of solder needs to be for a particular join you can cut various sizes to experiment with. You’ll find that you really do not need that much solder to join a link. If you were to solder very fine jump rings, for instance, you would find you need barely any solder and that small chips would work best.
Gently heat one of the jump rings by moving the flame around the ring. Now move the flame to the solder pieces and gently heat one into a ball. Heat your pick at the same time. Now you’ll find you can pick up the ball of solder with the end of the pick by simply touching the pick to the ball.
Now take the ball to the jump ring and hover it above the join. As the flame gently reheats both the ring and the solder you can now touch the ball to the join and it should attach itself to the ring. Take the pick away and move the flame around the ring until the solder flows.
Look carefully at the direction of your flame as the solder will want to flow towards the heat. If you are not heating up the silver evenly the solder will move towards the heat and perhaps away from the join. In which case there will be no connection. If this happens just back off with your flame and then slowly re introduce the heat to the other side of the join. Now move the flame evenly around the ring until the solder flows over the join.
You are not heating the solder, but rather bringing the temperature of the silver gently up to the point where the solder will flow over it. The solder has a melting point lower than the silver so it will flow before the silver melts and therefore will, (if the join is clean and flush), fill the join.
Keep an eye of the silver. If it starts to glow, remove the heat as this is a sign that the silver is about to melt. Let the silver cool down slightly and then introduce the heat to try again.
As you come to heat the next jump ring bear in mind that the soldering block is already hot from joining the first jump ring. You’ll find that you don’t need to heat the following rings as much.
By the time you have soldered the 26 jump rings, you will have hopefully become an expert at applying the perfect amount of solder to the join.
If not, you’ll just have to make another one :)
Now quench the rings in water.
I don’t clean the rings at this point.
Next I used this small oval mandrel to knock the edges of my rings out of shape. If you don’t have something like this you can keep the links round.
By hammering the link roughly on the mandrel you are creating an irregular shape which will hide any imperfections you may have created with your soldering.
You can skip this part if you don’t have a small mandrel because you are still going to whack the links by holding them flat to your metal block with pliers (to save your fingers) and roughly hammer around the surface.
Do this to each ring and then make the small jump rings, as before, but with your 4.5mm mandrel.
Don’t solder the small jump rings yet.
Close four of the larger links into one of the smaller links keeping the soldered areas on the large links as far away from the small link as you can. This helps prevent the solder on the larger links reheating and soldering each other together.
Now place the small link in a third hand.
Try to keep a gap between the third hand and the join of the small link (which should be at the top) and then solder the join of the small link using flux and the ball method.
Try not to use too much flux. You need just enough for the solder to flow, but too much will just bubble and, (I have found), gunk up in a sticky mess.
Carefully move the flame over the small link. Don’t keep the flame in one place for too long. Soldering this small link can be tricky, but with practice you’ll get the hang of it. Keeping the larger links dirty helps prevent them from soldering themselves onto the small link as solder does not want to flow over a dirty surface.
You can skip soldering the small links if you want to, but then you wont have accomplished the fiddly, I can do it, part of the project.
It’s o.k. :)
Now you will add two more small jump rings to one end of the chain, and one 3mm jump ring to the last of the small ones. This last smaller link is the one you will add your toggle to.
I forgot to take a photograph of this at the time, but here’s a close up of the finished piece.
Solder each jump ring together.
Hammer your 1″ length of 14 gauge wire to make the toggle end of your clasp.
Then solder this onto the last small link of the chain.
I thought I could get away with one less small link here, but I found that there wasn’t enough leeway for the bar to go through the opposite end link to close the chain.
I deliberately made that mistake so that you wouldn’t have to ;)
Now you can pickle and clean the chain.
For a consistent look you can hammer around the small link with a small headed hammer to match the irregular look of the larger links. Skip this part if you haven’t soldered the small jump rings as the links won’t stay closed nicely once you’ve hammered them.
Now you can finish your chain in the way you prefer, either by tumbling, using liver of sulphur, or just by buffing it as I have done here – and enjoy :)
At this point you may never want to solder another jump ring again, but hey, the possibilities are endless…